References and Publications
Peanuts are Legumes
Aggarwal BB, Bhardwaj A, Aggarwal RS, Seeram NP, Shishodia S, Takada Y.
Role of resveratrol in prevention and therapy of cancer: preclinical and clinical studies. Anticancer Res. 2004 Sep-Oct;24(5A):2783-840.
Ajala O., English P., Pinkney J. Systematic review and meta-analysis of different dietary approaches to the management of type 2 diabetse. AJCN. Available 2013 doi:10.3945/ajcn.112.042457.
Albert CM, Gaziano JM, Willett WC, Manson JE. Nut consumption and decreased risk of sudden cardiac death in the Physicians’ Health Study. Arch Intern Med. 2002 Jun 24;162(12):1382-7.
Alper CM, Mattes RD. Effects of chronic peanut consumption on energy balance and hedonics. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2002 Aug;26(8):1129-37.
Alper CM, Mattes RD. Peanut consumption improves indices of cardiovascular disease risk in healthy adults. J Am Coll Nutr. 2003 Apr;22(2):133-41.
Appel LJ, et al. Effects of protein, monounsaturated fat, and carbohydrate intake on blood pressure and serum lipids: results of the OmniHeart randomized trial. JAMA. 2005 Nov 16;294(19):2455-64.
Appel LF, et al. A Clinical Trial of the Effects of Dietary Patterns on Blood Pressure.
New England Journal of Medicine 1997; 16 (366): 1117-1124
Athar M, Back JH, Tang X, Kim KH, Kopelovich L, Bickers DR, Kim AL. Resveratrol: a review of preclinical studies for human cancer prevention. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2007 Nov 1;224(3):274-83. Epub 2007 Jan 3.
Awad AB, Chan KC, Downie AC, Fink CS. Peanuts as a source of beta-sitosterol, a sterol with anticancer properties. Nutr Cancer. 2000;36(2):238-41.
Awad AB, Chinnam M, Fink CS, Bradford PG. Beta-Sitosterol activates Fas signaling in human breast cancer cells. Phytomedicine. 2007 Nov;14(11):747-54. Epub 2007 Mar 12.
Awad AB, Downie A, Fink CS, Kim U. Dietary phytosterol inhibits the growth and
metastasis of MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells grown in SCID mice. Anticancer Res. 2000 Mar-Apr;20(2A):821-4.
Awad AB, Fink CS, Williams H, Kim U. In vitro and in vivo (SCID mice) effects of phytosterols on the growth and dissemination of human prostate cancer PC-3 cells. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2001 Dec;10(6):507-13.
Blomhoff R, Carlsen MH, Andersen LF, Jacobs DR Jr. Health benefits of nuts: potential role of antioxidants. Br J Nutr. 2006 Nov;96 Suppl 2:S52-0. Erratum in: Br J Nutr. 2008 Feb;99(2):447-8.
Chen et al. SIRT1 protects against microglia-dependent amyloid-b toxicity through inhibiting NF-kB signaling. J Biol Chem. 2005; 280 (48): 40364-40374.
Ellsworth JL, et al. Frequent nut intake and risk of death from coronary heart disease and all causes in postmenopausal women: the Iowa Women’s Health Study. Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases. 2001; 11(6): 362-372.
Emekli-Alturfan E, Kasikci E, Yarat A. Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) consumption improves glutathione and HDL-cholesterol levels in experimental diabetes. Phytother Res. 2007 Feb;22(2):180-4.
Foster-Powell K, et al. International Table of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load
Values: 2002. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2002; 76: 5-56.
Fraser GE, Shavlik DJ. Risk factors for all-cause and coronary heart disease mortality in the oldest-old. The Adventist Health Study. Arch Intern Med. 1997 Oct 27;157(19):2249-58.
Fraser GE, Sumbureru D, Pribis P, Neil RL, Frankson MA. Association among health habits, risk factors, and all-cause mortality in a black California population. Epidemiology. 1997 Mar;8(2):168-74.
Fraser, et al. A possible protective effect of nut consumption on risk of CHD. The
Adventist Health Study. Archives of Internal Medicine. 1992; 152: 1416-1412.
Gao X, Wilde PE, Lichtenstein AH, Bermudez OI, Tucker KL. The maximal amount of dietary alpha-tocopherol intake in U.S. adults (NHANES 2001-2002). J Nutr. 2006 Apr;136(4):1021-6.
González CA, and Jordi Salas-Salvadó. The potential of nuts in the prevention of cancer. British Journal of Nutrition (2006), 96:S87-S94.
Griel AE, Eissenstat B, Juturu V, Hsieh G, Kris-Etherton PM. Improved diet quality with peanut consumption. J Am Coll Nutr. 2004 Dec;23(6):660-8.
Griel AE, Kris-Etherton PM. Tree nuts and the lipid profile: a review of clinical studies. Br J Nutr. 2006 Nov;96 Suppl 2:S68-78.Review. Erratum in: Br J Nutr. 2008 Feb;99(2):447-8.
Harris WS, et al. Omega-6 Fatty Acids and Risk for Cardiovascular Disease.
Hu, et al. Dietary fat intake and the risk of coronary heart disease in women. New
England Journal of Medicine. 1997;337:1491-1499.
Hu, et al. Frequent Nut Consumption and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in
Women: Prospective Cohort Study. British Medical Journal. 1998; 317(7169): 1341-1345.
Huerta MG, et al. Magnesium deficiency is associated with insulin resistance in obese children. Diabetes Care. 2005 May;28(5):1175-81.
Igura K, et al. Resveratrol and quercetin inhibit angiogenesis in vitro. Cancer Lett.
2001; 171(1): 11-16.
Jacobs DR Jr, Haddad EH, Lanou AJ, Messina MJ. Food, plant food, and
vegetarian diets in the US dietary guidelines: conclusions of an expert panel. Arch Intern Med. 2002 Jun 24;162(12):1382-7.
Jenab M, et al. Association of nut and seed intake with colorectal cancer risk in the
European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2004 Oct;13(10):1595-603.
Jenkins, D.J., et al., Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange. Am J Clin Nutr, 1981. 34(3): p. 362-6.2.
Jiang R, et al. Nut and Peanut Butter Consumption and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in
Women. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2002; 288(20): 2554-2560
Jiang R, Jacobs DR Jr, Mayer-Davis E, Szklo M, Herrington D, Jenny NS, Kronmal
R, Barr RG. Nut and seed consumption and inflammatory markers in the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis. Am J Epidemiol. 2006 Feb 1;163(3):222-31.
Johnston C and Buller. Vinegar and peanut products as complementary foods to reduce postprandial glycemia. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2005; 105: 1939-1942.
Johnston CA, et al. Weight loss in overweight Mexican American children: a randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics. 2007 Dec;120(6):e1450-7.
Johnston CA, Tyler C, McFarlin BK, Poston WS, Haddock CK, Reeves RS, Foreyt
JP. Effects of a school-based weight maintenance program for Mexican-American children: results at 2 years. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2009 Mar;18(3):542-7.
Johnston, C.S. and A.J. Buller. Vinegar and peanut products as complementary foods to reduce postprandial glycemia. J Am Diet Assoc, 2005. 105(12): p. 1939-42.
Kao WH, et al. Serum and dietary magnesium and the risk for type 2 diabetes
mellitus: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. Archives of Internal Medicine. 1999 Oct 11;159(18):2151-9.
Kelly JH Jr, Sabaté J. Nuts and coronary heart disease: an epidemiological perspective. Br J Nutr. 2006 Nov;96 Suppl 2:S61-7.
King DE, et al. Dietary magnesium and C-reactive protein levels. Journal of the
American College of Nutrition. 2005 Jun;24(3):166-71.
Kirkmeyer SV and Mattes RD. Effects of Food Attributes on Hunger and Food
Intake. International Journal of Obesity. 2000; 24: 1167-1175.
Kris-Etherton PM. AHA Science Advisory: Monounsaturated Fatty Acids and Risk of
Cardiovascular Disease. Journal of Nutrition. 1999;129:2280-2284.
Kris-Etherton, et al. High Monounsaturated Fatty Acid Diets Lower Both Plasma
Cholesterol and Triacylglycerol Concentrations. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1999; 70: 1009-1015.
Kris-Etherton, P.M., et al. Dietary fat: assessing the evidence in support of a moderate-fat diet; the benchmark based on lipoprotein metabolism. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 2002;61:287-98.
Larsson SC, Orsini N, Wolk A. Dietary magnesium intake and risk of stroke: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012. Feb;95(2):362-66.
Larsson SC, Wolk A. Magnesium intake and risk of type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis. J Intern Med. 2007 Aug;262(2):208-14.
Li TY, Brennan AM, Wedick NM, Mantzoros C, Rifai N, Hu FB. Regular consumption of nuts is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease in women with type 2 diabetes. J Nutr. 2009 Jul;139(7):1333-8.
Lopez-Ridaura R, et al. Magnesium intake and risk of type 2 diabetes in men and
women. Diabetes Care. 2004 Jan;27(1):134-40.
Luo L, Huang YM. [Effect of resveratrol on the cognitive ability of Alzheimeros mice].
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2006 Aug;31(4):566-9.
Mattes RD, Kris-Etherton PM, Foster GD. Impact of peanuts and tree nuts on body
weight and healthy weight loss in adults. J Nutr. 2008 Sep;138(9):1741S-1745S.
McKiernan F, Lokko P, Kuevi A, Sales RL, Costa NM, Bressan J, Alfenas RC, Mattes RD. Effects of peanut processing on body weight and fasting plasma lipids. Br J Nutr. 2010 May 11:1-9. [Epub ahead of print]
Mente A, de Koning L, Shannon HS, Anand SS. A systematic review of the evidence supporting a causal link between dietary factors and coronary heart disease. Arch Intern Med. 2009 Apr 13;169(7):659-69.
Mooren FC, Krüger K, Völker K, Golf, SW, Wadepuhl M, Kraus A. Research letter:
Oral magnesium supplementation reduces insulin resistance in non-diabetic subjects–a double blind placebo-controlled, randomized trial. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2011, 13: 281–284.
Morris MC, et al. Dietary intake of antioxidant nutrients and the risk of incident
Alzheimer disease in a biracial community study. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2002;287:3230-3237.
Morris MC, et al. Dietary Niacin and the Risk of Incident Alzheimer’s Disease and of Cognitive Decline. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry. 2004 Aug;75(8):1093-9.
Nettleton JA, Steffen LM, Mayer-Davis EJ, Jenny NS, Jiang R, Herrington DM,
Jacobs DR Jr. Dietary patterns are associated with biochemical markers of inflammation and endothelial activation in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Jun;83(6):1369-79.NHANES, 2004
Neuhouser ML, et al. A Low-Glycemic Load Diet Reduces Serum C-Reactive
Protein and Modestly Increases Adinopectin in Overweight and Obese Adults. J Nutr. 2012. Feb; 142(2):369-74.
Pereira, M. et al. Effects of a lowglycemic load diet on resting energy expenditure and heart disease risk factors during weight loss. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2004; 292: 2482-2490. Ressurreccion, 2009
Rimm EB, et al. Folate and vitamin B6 from diet and supplements in relation to risk of coronary heart disease among women. Journal of the American Medical Association. 1998;279:359-364.
Sabaté J, Ang Y. Nuts and health outcomes: new epidemiologic evidence. Am J
Clin Nutr. 2009 May;89(5):1643S-1648S.
Sabaté J, Ros E, Salas-Salvadó J. Nuts: nutrition and health outcomes. Preface.
Br J Nutr. 2006 Nov;96 Suppl 2:S1-2.
Sabate J. Nut Consumption and Body Weight. American Journal of Clinical
Nutrition. 2003.; 78(suppl):647S-650S.
Sabaté J. Nut consumption and change in weight: the weight of the evidence. Br
J Nutr. 2007 Sep;98(3):456-7. Epub 2007 Jul 20.
Sabaté J. Nut consumption, vegetarian diets, ischemic heart disease risk, and all-cause mortality: evidence from epidemiologic studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Sep;70(3 Suppl):500S-503S.
Sacks FM, et al. Comparison of weight-loss diets with different compositions of fat,
protein, and carbohydrates. N Engl J Med. 2009 Feb 26;360(9):859-73.
Salas-Salvadó J, et al. The effect of nuts on inflammation. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2008;17 Suppl 1:333-6. Review.
Salmeron, J., et al., Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in women. JAMA, 1997. 277(6): p. 472-7.
Sanders, TH et al. Non-detectable Levels of Trans-Fatty Acids in Peanut Butter.
Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry. 2001; 49: 2349-2351.
Schwartz GJ, Fu J, Astarita G, Li X, Gaetani S, Campolongo P, Cuomo V, Piomelli
D. The lipid messenger OEA links dietary fat intake to satiety. Cell Metab. 2008 Oct;8(4):281-8.
Shai I, et al. Weight Loss with a Low-Carbohydrate, Mediterranean, or Low-Fat
Diet. N Engl J Med 359:229, July 17, 2008
Shin EC et al. Commercial runner peanut cultivars in the United States: tocopherol composition. J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Nov 11;57(21):10289-95.
Song Y, Ridker PM, Manson JE, Cook NR, Buring JE, Liu S. Magnesium intake,
C- reactive protein, and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and older U.S. women. Diabetes Care. 2005 Jun;28(6):1438-44.
Swain JF, McCarron PB, Hamilton EF, Sacks FM, Appel LJ. Characteristics of the diet patterns tested in the optimal macronutrient intake trial to prevent heart disease (OmniHeart): options for a heart-healthy diet. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008 Feb;108(2):257-65.
Tsai CJ, Leitzmann MF, Hu FB, Willett WC, Giovannucci EL. Frequent nut consumption and decreased risk of cholecystectomy in women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Jul;80(1):76-81.
Woyengo TA, Ramprasath VR, Jones PJ. Anticancer effects of phytosterols. Eur J
Clin Nutr. 2009 Jul;63(7):813-20. Epub 2009 Jun 3.